Configure vsftpd FTP server in active mode on CentOS

  1. Install vsftpd, configure SELinux context and start the service:

    # yum install vsftpd
    # chkconfig vsftpd on
    # chcon -R -t public_content_t /var/ftp
    # service vsftpd start
  2. There are two ways to configure iptables to allow connections

    One way is using system-config-firewall, which is simple:

    # system-config-firewall-tui

    Choose FTP in the “Trusted Service” menu and save the configuration. system-config-firewall will add rule in the INPUT chain and load ip_conntrack_ftp kernel module, which can be verified using:

    # lsmod | grep ftp
    nf_conntrack_ftp       10475  0
    nf_conntrack           65428  4 nf_conntrack_ftp,nf_conntrack_ipv6,nf_conntrack_ipv4,xt_state

    Another way is do it manually:

    1. Insert the following rule somewhere before the final “reject-with icmp-host-prohibited” rule, say number 4:

      # iptables -L --line-numbers
      # iptables -I INPUT 4 -p tcp --dport 21 -m state --state NEW -j ACCEPT
    2. Load ip_conntrack_ftp (alias of nf_conntrack_ftp):

      # modprobe ip_conntrack_ftp

      Now the FTP directory should be accessible from remote machines.